Prof. Robert Machang’u

Prof. Robert Machang'u

Professor 
Sokoine University of Agriculture – Pest Management Center

Address

Sokoine University of Agriculture 
Pest Management Center 
P.O. Box 3110 
Morogoro, Tanzania. 

Contact Information

Phone: n/a 
Email: n/a 

Prof. Machang’u is a microbiologist at the Pest Management Centre, and Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Sokoine University of Agriculture. He is one of founders of the Pest Management Centre that was formerly known as Rodent Research Project. Prof Machang’u was the first Director of the SUA Pest Management Centre, in the year 2000, and a co-founder of the SUA APOPO Rodent Biosensor Technology research, which is now operational in Tanzania, Mozambique, Angola and Cambodia. He also coordinated the university wide infrastructural and academic development program (acro. SUA-VLIR), which was a joint venture involving SUA and the Belgian Government.

Prof. Machang’u is an avid advocate against tobacco use, and through his engagement in this field he rose to become the Chairperson of a national NGO, the Tanzania Public Health Association for the period 2004 to 2008). In 2008, he took leave from SUA to work with the Non Communicable Disease Cluster of the World Health Organization. Initially he was stationed in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, as a National Professional Officer, and later in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, and Kampala, Uganda, as Technical Advisor in Tobacco Control. In 2015 Prof. Machang’u returned to SUA to take up the position of Professor of Microbiology on a two-year contract with the University. He continues with teaching of undergraduate and graduate students, research and consultancy work.

In the course of his career he has published extensively in scholarly journals and books and he is a member of various professional associations in the areas of microbiology and public health. His main research areas have covered water-borne microbial diseases, rodent vector borne diseases and zoonosis. Prof. Machang’u has furthermore pioneered public health education and lead campaigns against tobacco use, in Tanzania and in other countries of Africa and beyond in the context of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

Academic Qualifications

  • PhD. 
    Microbiology: Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Canada.
  • MSc. 
    Microbiology: University of Giessen and the University of Kassel at Witzenhausen, Germany.
  • B.Sc. 
    Veterinary Medicine: University of Cluj-Napoca, in Romania.

Other Training

Projects

No listed projects.

  • Pathogenesis of bacterial infections – with emphasis on the role of bacterial toxins in disease.
  • Pathogenic spirochetes (Leptospira, Borrelia, Treponema).
  • Rodent biology and rodent transmitted diseases (incl. plague, typhus).
  • Use of rodents as detectors of landmines and TB pathogens.
  • Anthrax: disease transmission in livestock and humans.
  • Tobacco control.

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

2015

  • Mgode, G. F., Cohen-Bacrie, S., Bedotto, M., Weetjens, B. J., Cox, C., Jubitana, M., … & Kaufmann, S. H. (2015). Mycobacterium genotypes in pulmonary tuberculosis infections and their detection by trained African giant pouched rats. Current microbiology, 70(2), 212-218.

2012

  • Mgode, G. F., Weetjens, B. J., Nawrath, T., Cox, C., Jubitana, M., Machang'u, R. S., … & Kaufmann, S. H. (2012). Diagnosis of tuberculosis by trained African giant pouched rats and confounding impact of pathogens and microflora of the respiratory tract. Journal of clinical microbiology, 50(2), 274-280.
  • Mgode, G. F., Weetjens, B. J., Cox, C., Jubitana, M., Machang’u, R. S., Lazar, D., … & Kaufmann, S. H. (2012). Ability of Cricetomys rats to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis and discriminate it from other microorganisms. Tuberculosis, 92(2), 182-186.
  • Mgode, G. F., Weetjens, B. J., Nawrath, T., Lazar, D., Cox, C., Jubitana, M., … & Schulz, S. (2012). Mycobacterium tuberculosis volatiles for diagnosis of tuberculosis by Cricetomys rats. Tuberculosis, 92(6), 535-542.
  • Beyene, N., Mahoney, A., Cox, C., Weetjens, B., Makingi, G., Mgode, G., … & Kamara, D. (2012). APOPO’s tuberculosis research agenda: achievements, challenges and prospects. Tanzania journal of health research, 14(2).

2011

  • Durnez, L., Katakweba, A., Sadiki, H., Katholi, C. R., Kazwala, R. R., Machang'u, R. R., … & Leirs, H. (2011). Mycobacteria in terrestrial small mammals on cattle farms in Tanzania. Veterinary medicine international, 2011.
  • Mgode, G. F., Cohen-Bacrie, S., Bedotto, M., Weetjens, B. J., Cox, C., Jubitana, M., … & Kaufmann, S. H. (2015). Mycobacterium genotypes in pulmonary tuberculosis infections and their detection by trained african giant pouched rats. Current microbiology, 70(2), 212-218.
  • Denys, C., Lalis, A., Lecompte, É., Cornette, R., Moulin, S., Makundi, R. H., … & Aniskine, V. M. (2011). A faunal survey in Kingu Pira (south Tanzania), with new karyotypes of several small mammals and the description of a new Murid species (Mammalia, Rodentia). Zoosystema, 33(1), 5-47.

2010

  • Kessy, M. J., Machang’u, R. S., & Swai, E. S. (2010). A microbiological and serological study of leptospirosis among pigs in the Morogoro municipality, Tanzania. Tropical animal health and production, 42(3), 523-530.
  • Georgies F. Mgode, Robert S. Machang’u, Margarida Collares-Pereira, Maria Luisa Vieira, Marga G. A. Goris, Mirjam Engelbert and Rudy A. Hartskeerl (2010). Challenges in determining the pathogenicity status of Leptospira isolates with phenotypic methods: The need for a polyvalent approach. Afr J Microbiol Res, 4 (23): 2528-2533.

2009

  • Günther, S., Hoofd, G., Charrel, R., Röser, C., Becker-Ziaja, B., Lloyd, G., … & Katakweba, A. (2009). Mopeia virus-related arenavirus in natal multimammate mice, Morogoro, Tanzania. Emerg Infect Dis, 15(12), 2008-12.
  • Durnez, L., Sadiki, H., Katakweba, A., Machang’u, R. R., Kazwala, R. R., Leirs, H., & Portaels, F. (2009). The prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis-infection and atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in and around Morogoro, Tanzania. Tropical animal health and production, 41(8), 1653-1659.
  • Lalis, A., Baylac, M., Cosson, J. F., Makundi, R. H., Machang’u, R. S., & Denys, C. (2009). Cranial morphometric and fine scale genetic variability of two adjacentMastomys natalensis (Rodentia: Muridae) populations. Acta theriologica, 54(2), 171-181.

2008

  • Durnez, L., Eddyani, M., Mgode, G. F., Katakweba, A., Katholi, C. R., Machang'u, R. R., … & Leirs, H. (2008). First detection of mycobacteria in African rodents and insectivores, using stratified pool screening. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(3), 768-773.
  • Mulungu, L. S., Makundi, R. H., Massawe, A. W., Machang'u, R. S., & Mbije, N. E. (2008). Diversity and distribution of rodent and shrew species associated with variations in altitude on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Mammalia, 72(3), 178-185.
  • Günther, S., Hoofd, G., Charrel, R., Röser, C., Becker-Ziaja, B., Lloyd, G., … & Katakweba, A. (2009). Mopeia virus-related arenavirus in natal multimammate mice, Morogoro, Tanzania. Emerg Infect Dis, 15(12), 2008-12.
  • Massawe, A. W., Rwamugira, W., Leirs, H., Makundi, R. H., Mulungu, L., Ngowo, V., & Machang'u, R. (2008). Soil type limits population abundance of rodents in crop fields: case study of the multimammate rat Mastomys natalensis Smith, 1834 in Tanzania. Integrative zoology, 3(1), 27-30.

2007

  • Mohr, K., Leirs, H., Katakweba, A., & Machang'u, R. (2007). Monitoring rodents movements with a biomarker around introduction and feeding foci in an urban environment in Tanzania. African Zoology, 42(2), 294-298.

2006

  • Ahmed, N., Devi, S., los Á Valverde, M., Vijayachari, P., Machang'u, R. S., Ellis, W. A., & Hartskeerl, R. A. (2006). Multilocus sequence typing method for identification and genotypic classification of pathogenic Leptospira species. Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials, 5(1), 1.
  • Mgode, G.F., Machang’u, R.S., Goris, M.G., Engelbert, M., Sondij, S. and Hartskeerl, R.A. (2006). New leptospira serovar Sokoine of serogroup Icterohaemorrhaghiae from cattle in Tanzania. Intern. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. (2006) 56; 593 – 597.

2004

  • Machang’u, R.S., Mgode, G.F., Assenga, J., Mhamphi, G., Weetjens, B., Cox, C., Verhagen, R., Sondji, S., Goris, M.G., and Hartskeerl, R.A. (2004). Serological and Molecular characterization of leptospira serovar Kenya from captive African giant pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) from Morogoro, Tanzania. FEMS Immunol. and Medical Microbiol. 41(2004)117-121.

2001

  • Capanna, E., Castiglia, R., Colangelo, P., Corti, M., Scanzani, A., Fadda, C., … & Tesha, P. (2001). The Rodent fauna of Tanzania: a cytotaxonomic report from the Maasai Steppe (1999). Rendiconti Lincei, 12(1), 29-49.

2000

  • Machang’u, R.S.; Pax, J., and Mgode, G. (2000). Seroprevalence of Rickettsia typhi infection in rats in selected areas of Tanzania. Tanz. Vet. J. Vol. 19: 202 – 206.

Conference Papers

  • Machang’u, R.S. (1997). The need for antismoking legislation in Tanzania. Paper presented at the 8th International Congress of the World Federation of Public Health Associations, Arusha, October, 1997.
  • Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: What can Tanzania Public Health Association Contribute? Paper presented at the 9th Congress of the World Federation of Public Health Associations, Beijing, China – September, 2000.
  • Machang’u R.S. (2002). Progress being made by African countries towards the ratification of the WHO – Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Scientific Conference of the Tanzania Public Health Association, Mbeya, November 4 – 8, 2002.
  • Cox, C., Weetjens, B., Machang’u R.S., Billet, M. and Verhagen, R. (2003). Rats for demining. Proceedings of the International Conference on Requirements and Technologies for Detection, Removal and Neutralization of Landmines, and UXO September 15 – 18, 2003.
  • Smokeless tobacco use among selected rural populations in Tanzania. Poster presented at 14 World Conference on Tobacco or Health, Mumbai, March 8-11, 2009.
  • MPOWER : Implementation strategy for the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Presented at the 28th Annual Scientific Conference, Dodoma, November, 2009.